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Archive for March, 2006

Vitamin B12 or Cobalamin For Nerve and Blood Cells

Posted by Oze Parrot on 30th March 2006

Vitamin B12, also called Cobalamin, helps maintain healthy Nerve cells and red Blood cells. In collaboration with Vitamins B6 and B9, Cobalamin helps support a number of bodily functions including our genetic makeup.

GinsengDeficiencies of Vitamin B12 will result in anemia, lethargy, loss of appetite, constipation, and weight loss. Other symptoms include, swelling of the tongue, some memory loss, confusion and some degree of dementia.

People that are at most risk of suffering a Vitamin B12 deficiency are those persons who have a gastrointestinal problem that limits the stomachs ability to soak up vitamin B12.

People that practice veganism and eat no meat or dairy products whatsoever will have a very limited dietary access to Vitamin B12 and should take supplements.

Pregnant women and lactating mothers are at risk of having a deficiency of Vitamin B12 and may need to take supplements.

People that have had parts of their stomach or intestines removed because of accident or disease such as crohn’s disease, may not have the ability to absorb B12 from their food. In such cases, a Vitamin B12 supplement is required.

Elderly folk may lose the natural ability to absorb Cobalamin from their food, for a number of reasons, this ultimately leads to neuropsychiatric disorders. If a B12 deficiency is detected by a doctor then, possibly, he will recommend a Cobalamin fortified diet or a Vitamin B12 supplement.

Unlike most other water soluble vitamins, Cobalamin is not disposed of on a daily basis, by the body. In fact the body gathers Vitamin B12 which is stored in the liver and kidneys. Consequently, a Vitamin deficiency is not noticeable for several years after the B12 intake has ceased.

Foods that are sources of vitamin B12 are liver, kidneys, eggs, cheese, shellfish, tuna, salmon and fortified breakfast cereals.
Apart from supplements, the only vegan source of B12 is the Chinese herb Dang Gui or female ginseng, which the Chinese use for treating anemia.

Because Vitamin B12 has a very low toxic level, there have been no known cases of people suffering any ill effects from an excessive intake of Vitamin B12.

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Yoga Conditions The Mind, Body And Soul

Posted by Oze Parrot on 29th March 2006

Mention the word “Yoga” and the mind conjures up an image of a bewhiskered person, sitting on a rice mat in a trance like state and adopting an asana pose.

Yogi at YogaThe art of Yoga was founded in India and has been practiced there for thousands of years as a means of getting closer to God. While having deep spiritual connotations, Yoga Conditions The Mind, Body And Soul allowing each to be nurtured by meditation, exercise and rhythmic breathing patterns

Hindus use Yoga as a means of enlightenment, it is an integral part of their religion and it has been embraced by other religions as a spiritual ritual. Hatha Yoga has been widely accepted by the western world as a form of relaxation that Conditions The Mind, Body And Soul through the use of gentle exercises, rhythmic breathing and thought stimulation.

Yoga is practiced in the hope of freeing oneself from worldly suffering, mastering the Mind, Body and Soul, and becoming independent of material desires. The yogis ultimate aim is to reach an enlightened state that is above and beyond his worldly existence, a state of eternal peace.

For the average person, who is yet to be enlightened, yoga is a way to positively increase one’s spiritual awareness and cultivate their powers of perception. Yoga, because of it’s substantial connections with Hinduism, is regarded as a religion. However, many advocates claim that yoga is not a religion in itself, but contains practical steps that will benefit people of all religions, as well as those who do not consider themselves to be religious.

Some historians believe that Yoga was being practiced five thousand years B.C. however, there are written accounts of yoga appearing in the Rig Veda which some historians have dated at around 4,000 B.C. while other experts have estimated that the Rig Veda could have originated in 1,2000 B.C.

While we are not certain when Yoga originated, what we do know is, that it’s practice has been in existence for thousands of years.

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Vitamin B9 Folic Acid or Folate

Posted by Oze Parrot on 19th March 2006

Vitamin B9, Folic Acid or Folate, is a water-soluble Vitamin that is part of the B complex group. The B group of Vitamins play an important role in nearly all facets of our bodily functions; they are all involved in processing our food into energy and breaking down of fats.

B complex Vitamins also assist the body in maintaining muscle strength in the lining of the digestive tract and keeping the nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, and liver healthy.

Vitamin B9 Source  
Spinach Leaf

Vitamin B9, actively supports our emotional and mental health and is absolutely essential for our brain to function correctly, it helps in the production of DNA and is crucial to infants, adolescents and expecting mothers.

Vitamin B9 Folic Acid or Folate, supports Vitamins B6 and B12 to help iron to function correctly and regulate red blood cells and to control blood levels of the amino acid homocysteine. An excess of this particular amino acid, has been linked to heart disease, depression, Alzheimer’s disease and even cervical cancer.

A deficiency in Folic Acid causes stunted growth, swollen tongue, gingivitis, loss of appetite, shortness of breath, diarrhea, irritability, forgetfulness, and a loss of mental capacity.

A major cause of Vitamin B9, Folic Acid or Folate deficiency is alcoholism as it eradicates our reserves of B9. Supplements must be taken to maintain our necessary levels of this essential Vitamin as generally, our normal dietary intake is barely adequate. Expectant mothers should increase their daily intake of B9 as the fetus will account for most of the usual daily quota.

Dietary sources of Folic Acid are: Dark leafy vegetables such as spinach, asparagus, turnip greens, dry beans, soybeans, peas, beef liver, brewer’s yeast, root vegetables, fortified cereal products, like wheat, oats, corn and rice as well as oysters, salmon, orange juice, avocado, and milk.

The recommended dietary allowance for healthy adult men and women is: 400 micrograms, expectant mothers 600Mcg and lactating mothers 500Mcg.

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Varicose Vein Discomfort

Posted by Oze Parrot on 19th March 2006

Varicose Veins are an extreme form of Telangiectasia, the swelling of a group of blood vessels. Varicose veins commonly occur in the legs, appearing as dark colored, cord like veins that bulge 3 mm or more above the normal plane of the legs. The more severe cases of varicose Veins will produce very dark bluish, thick veins extending from the groin area to the ankles, and even into the feet.

Varicose VeinsMany people suffer from Varicose Vein Discomfort, the condition being more common among women, particularly older women, than men in general. Causes can include, pregnancy and menopause in women. Research has shown that Varicose Veins, can also be a hereditary condition.

Continuously standing, obesity, undue straining of the legs and abdomen, leg injuries and old age are also contributing factors to the development of Varicose Veins. The onset of Varicose Vein Discomfort, may also be a signal that a serious disorder is developing in the circulatory system, a medical examination should be conducted as soon as possible.

On it’s return jouney from the feet to the heart, the blood is pumped back up through a number of Veins in the legs. Inside these Veins there are a series of non return valves, situated at intervals throughout the length of the Veins. These valves assist blood flow by supporting the weight of the blood above them as it travels upwards, against the force of gravity.

As we get older, these one-way valves may become weak and are no longer able to support the weight of the blood in the chamber above. This allows blood to reverse flow which increases the pressure needed to keep the blood flowing upward and causes the vein to dilate.

Veins near the surface of the leg have no surrounding tissue to support them. Consequently, they become swollen by the pressure exerted on the vein walls, because of the abnormal amount of blood that the veins are forced to accommodate.

The Discomfort of Varicose Veins, initially, is the constant itching of the affected area which develops into a painful ache and a feeling of “legs like lead”. The skin around the Vein area may become discolored, the ankles become swollen and eczema outbreaks are also common.

Most instances of Varicose Varicose veins are primarily a cosmetic concern and are not a serious threat to one’s health, however, severe cases, especially those involving ulcers, do require medical attention.

Normally, the wearing of compression stockings is a benefit, as they efficiently help your leg muscles to move your blood. Worn during the course of one’s daily routine chores, compression stockings gently massage your leg muscles with every movement, assisting blood flow.

Compression stockings can be obtained at most pharmacies and are available in a range of compression strengths.

Recommendations to prevent the occurrence of Varicose Veins include: controlling your weight. Being overweight puts an unnecessary strain on your veins, particularly the ones in your legs.

Get some regular exercise. Walking, cycling and swimming are great ways to encourage blood circulation.

Take a few breaks during the day and elevate your legs. Lay back and put your feet up for ten minutes or so.

Do not adopt the one position for long periods, either sitting or standing. Move around every 30 minutes or so.

Make sure that your clothes fit you. Clothing, that is tight around the waist, groin area and legs can restrict blood circulation. Do not wear a girdle.

Finally, try to avoid sitting with your legs crossed. If you have a circulatory problem, sitting with your legs crossed will only exacerbate the condition.

Remember, your health starts with you.

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Personality Development and Behavior Patterns Among Humans

Posted by Oze Parrot on 15th March 2006

Personality is a collection of emotional, thought and Behavioral Patterns unique to a particular person. The word “Personality” is derived from the Latin “personalis”, which means personal.

Personality Development refers to the fixed beliefs, moods, and Behavior Patterns that vary among children and adults who live in a particular society. The most common theories stress Personality traits that include: individualism, subjective conscience, being able to control emotions and impulses, interaction with strangers and personal achievement.

There are several theoretical views on the development of people’s personalities. They involve ideas about the relationship between Personality and other psychological forms, as well as theories about the way Personalities develop. Most theories can be placed into one of the following groups.

1. Extroversion (i.e., “extroversion” outgoing and physical stimulation oriented vs. “introversion” quiet and physical stimulation averse)

2. Neuroticism (i.e., emotional stability; calm, un-perturbable, optimistic vs. emotionally reactive, prone to negative emotions)

3. Agreeableness (i.e., affable, friendly, conciliatory vs. aggressive, dominant, disagreeable)

4. Conscientiousness (i.e., dutiful, systematic, and orderly vs. spontaneous, flexible, and unreliable)

5. Openness to experience (i.e., open to new ideas and change vs. traditional and staid views)

Longitudinal studies have shown that a child’s inherited biology, usually called a temperamental bias, is an important basis for the child’s later Personality. A child that shows a shy and fearful style of reaction to a challenge or novelty predicts, to a modest degree, an adult Personality that is quiet and passive to challenge, as well as being introverted.

Man's MindAnother hypothesis regarding Personality Development comes from Sigmund Freud’s theory that the division of the psyche, that is totally unconscious, serves as the source of instinctual impulses and demands for the immediate satisfaction of primitive needs.

The id, which is biological in nature, combined with family experience, leads to the development of the ego and superego. Freud suggested that differences in parental socialization produced variation in anxiety which, in turn, leads to various personalities.

A third theory revolves around the infant child’s direct ties of affection with the parents. Studies have found that, the nature of the infant’s relationship with parents or guardians, particularly the mother, created a profile of emotional reactions, towards adults, that might last indefinitely.

The fourth set of views on Personality Development look on whether it is necessary to assume a self that monitors, integrates, and initiates a reaction. This idea traces itself to the Judeo-Christian belief that it is necessary to give children a will so that they can be held accountable for their actions.

Another theory is based on the discovery that children who had the same influential experiences develop different Personalties because they assume different conceptions about themselves and others who have undergone the same experiences. The idea that each child imposes a personal interpretation on their experiences, adds the concept of being self critical, to the child’s Personality.

The importance of the concept of self, in Personality Development is the significant gain in identifying with parents. All children wish to possess the good qualities that are found in adult members of our society. Some of these qualities are produced by identifying with one’s parents and emulating their accomplishments.

A final hypothesis regarding the origins of Personality Development comes from results based on direct observations of a child’s behavior. This exercise focuses on the different features of children at various ages. Babies differ in degrees of irritability, three-year-olds differ in degrees of shyness, and six-year-olds differ in their seriousness of mood.

Children that play alone instead of with others do so for a variety of reasons, some may be shy and are uneasy with other children while others may just prefer their own company. A behavioral pattern that includes avoidance of strange places, fear of certain animals, extreme shyness, sensitivity to pain, and guilt feelings is called the internalizing profile.

However, a behavioral pattern that includes disobedience towards parents and teachers, insolence, bullying, aggressiveness, and impulsive decisions is called the externalizing profile and these children are most likely to turn out to be juvenile delinquents.

The connection between the inability of a three year old to control socially unacceptable behavior, and antisocial conduct later on in life, is the most reliable evidence that exists to identify a connection between a child’s early Personality Development and an adult personality trait.

Generally, the eldest child in most families is more willing than the younger children to conform to authority and is more strongly motivated to achieve at school, is more conscientious and less aggressive.

A child’s social class will have an affect on their academic achievement. Children from middle class families are more likely to get higher grades in school than children from working or lower class families, because of the different values that are accepted by families from different backgrounds.

The social status of parents also influences a child’s personality. Researchers suggest that parents could be classified as authoritative, authoritarian, or permissive. Competent and mature preschool children usually have authoritative parents who were nurturant but made maturity demands. Children who are introverted and self reliant, generally have authoritarian parents who relied on forceful discipline. The least mature children have very permissive parents who are nurturant but fail to employ any discipline.

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Biotin or Vitamin B7, Is An Essential Nutrient

Posted by Oze Parrot on 13th March 2006

Biotin, a member of the B-complex vitamin family is also known as Vitamin B7 and Vitamin H. Biotin is a water soluble vitamin that must be consumed on a daily basis, it is an essential nutrient, and it plays an important role in a number of bodily functions.

Vitamin B7 Source
King Salmon    
King Salmon

Vitamin B7 Is An Essential Nutrient involved in cell growth, the production of fatty acids, amino acids and the metabolism of fats. Biotin also assists in the process of releasing energy from our food, the management of carbon dioxide and maintaining a regular blood sugar level. Biotin is also considered to play a role in gene expression and DNA replication.

Many health products and cosmetic compounds include Biotin as an ingredient to promote healthy skin and hair, it also strengthens the nails. Vitamin B7 supplements are recommended in cases of excessive hair losses, caused by a Biotin deficiency.

Children who contract seborrheic dermatitis could be suffering from a Vitamin B7 deficiency. Although there are shampoos available that contain B7, it is more beneficial to treat the condition with Biotin supplements, as B7 is not readily absorbed through the skin.

Vitamin B7 supplements may also benefit people who suffer from type 2 diabetes.

Biotin deficiency, is quite rare, but if it does exist then it must be properly treated. If the condition is allowed to persist untreated, then the effects could be very serious, even fatal.

Symptoms of Vitamin B7 deficiency include: fungal infections, dry scaly skin, Seborrheic dermatitis, poor appetite, feeling tired and lethargic, depression, high cholesterol level, inflamed tongue and feeling nauseated.

A Vitamin B7 deficiency can be easily remedied by adding daily B7 supplements to one’s diet.

Dietary sources of Vitamin B7 include: liver and kidney, dairy products, yeast, cauliflower, oysters, lobster, and salmon, chicken breast and egg yolk.

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Do You Need A Patent, Copyright or Trademark

Posted by Oze Parrot on 12th March 2006

Patents, Copyrights, and Trademarks are confusing to some extent, even though there are some similarities among these tools of property protection, they all serve different purposes.

Justice ScalesA Patent for an invention is the inventor’s property right to his invention, issued by the Patent and Trademark Office. The term of a new Patent is 20 years from the date on which the application for the Patent was filed in the United States. US Patent grants are effective only within the US, US territories, and US territorial possessions.

A Patent owner is granted the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing the said invention without permission.

A Trademark is a word, name, symbol or device which is used in the trading of goods to indicate the source of the goods and to distinguish them from the goods of other manufacturers.
A service mark is the same as a Trademark except that it identifies and distinguishes the source of a service rather than a product.
The terms “Trademark” and “Mark” are commonly used to refer to both Trademarks and service marks.

Trademark rights may be used to prevent others from using a confusingly similar mark, but not to prevent others from making the same goods or from selling the same goods or services under a clearly different mark.

Copyright is a form of protection that is granted to the authors of �original works of authorship� including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works, both published and unpublished.

The 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to reproduce the Copyrighted work, to prepare derivative works, to distribute copies or phono records of the copyrighted work, to perform the copyrighted work publicly, or to display the Copyrighted work publicly.

The Copyright protects the form of expression rather than the subject matter of the writing. For example, a description of a machine could be Copyrighted, but this would only prevent others from copying the description; it would not prevent others from writing a description of their own or from making and using the machine. Copyrights are registered by the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress.

It follows therefore, that if you have invented, what you consider to be a new invention, then you must take out a Patent to protect your product from being unscrupulously copied by your competitors.

It is advisable to conduct a search of the Office of Records before filing an application for Patent, Copyright or Trademark.

You can conduct a free search on the USPTO website using the Trademark Electronic Search System at: TESS

You can also conduct a trademark search at the Trademark Public Search Library. Use of the Public Search Library is free to the public.

You can also conduct a search at a Patent and Trademark Depository Library near you.

Any literary, musical or artistic works that you have composed or conceived should also be protected by copyright in the same manner.

If you have produced your own Trademark to identify your works this must also be registered to protect your interests.

Registration can be effected at the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
Details can be found on the USPTO site

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Vitamin B6, Essential For Healthy Blood

Posted by Oze Parrot on 11th March 2006

Pyridoxine, commonly known as Vitamin B6 forms part of our daily diet, it plays an essential role in maintaining our health and vitality.

Hemoglobin within red blood cells carries oxygen to the body’s tissues. Our body needs Vitamin B6 to make hemoglobin and also helps increase the amount of oxygen carried by hemoglobin. A vitamin B6 deficiency can result in a form of anemia that is similar to iron deficiency anemia.

Vitamin B6 Source  

Vitamin B6, Essential For Healthy Blood, also helps maintain our blood glucose within a normal range. When our calorie intake is low, our bodies need Vitamin B6 to help convert stored carbohydrates and other nutrients to glucose, in order to maintain our normal blood sugar levels.

Vitamin B6 deficiency rarely occurs in the United States although many older Americans, have low Blood levels of vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 deficiency can occur in people who have poor quality diets and are deficient in many essential nutrients. At first, symptoms are not evident, occurring during the latter stages of a lengthy period of deficiency.

A person suffering from Vitamin B6 deficiency will display symptoms that include dermatitis, convulsions, a confused state of mind, a sore tongue and depression.

A lack of variety in one’s diet combined with a generally poor quality diet and Alcoholism are factors in causing a Vitamin B6 deficiency. These circumstances are more likely to be apparent in older members of the community. Alcohol, in particular, removes Vitamin B6 from the body.

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble compound that passes through the body on a daily basis, consequently our supply of Vitamin B6 must be replenished daily, either from our dietary intake or via supplementary support

The main dietary sources of Vitamin B6 include: Poultry, fish, liver, fortified cereals, wheat germ, yeast, green beans and certain fruit, such as bananas.

Vitamin B6 supplements are available and should be taken when it has been established that a B6 deficiency exists, however supplements will show no improvement to persons that have an adequate B6 balance. An over indulgence of Vitamin B6 supplements can cause serious health problems.

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Manganese, A Mineral Trace Element For Health

Posted by Oze Parrot on 9th March 2006

Manganese is a metallic Mineral which is found as a Trace Element in all forms of life. It is particularly abundant in plants and animals. Although only Trace amounts of this Element can be found in human tissue, it is an essential Element and necessary for our good Health.

Manganese was discovered in the 17th century by a German chemist named Johann Glauber, It was later identified as an Element by a Swedish chemist, Carl Scheele.
Manganese, is important to almost all of the body�s major systems. It works in the digestive system, which is responsible for breaking down foods through digestion and transforming them into a form that the body can use.

Manganese Source  
Wheat Bran

Functions of Manganese in the digestive system include acting as a cofactor in many of the enzymes responsible for releasing the energy in food, making the released energy accessible to both body and mind to fuel our essential bodily functions. Thiamin, or Vitamin B1 cannot be metabolized without the presence of this essential mineral.

Our systems require Manganese for the building of strong and healthy bones, without it the skeleton system would not develop properly. Manganese also serves the nervous system and the brain by coordinating messages that are sent to the body’s muscles therefore supporting good muscular reflexes. Manganese also serves the reproductive system, playing an important role in the production of sex hormones and sperm.

Manganese has necessary antioxidant properties that work as a cofactor in the production of the body’s most important antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Antioxidants perform a task that is essential to the body, the control of, and stabilization of free radicals, which are responsible for causing a great deal of damage within the body.

Because they lack an electron, free radicals are unstable and in order to stabilize themselves, they will attack other molecules in an effort to take what they need from them, which results in those molecules becoming destabilized as well. If a cell accumulates enough free radicals, cellular damage can occur, which can lead to tissue damage as the free radicals roam, increasing their population.

Manganese is vital for the brain to function properly and serves to support memory and emotional stability, as well as the nerves themselves. Research is being conducted on the relationship between epilepsy and other seizure disorders and the influence Manganese levels may have on seizure activity and severity. This Mineral Trace Element is also being investigated for its potentials in the treatment of severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia.

Deficiencies in Manganese can contribute to convulsions, confusion, tremors, dizziness, paralysis, deafness and blindness in infants, adult hearing loss, digestive disorders, ataxia, bone malformation, general weakness, infertility, irregular pulse, and pancreatic damage.

Nutritional supplements offer a reliable and safe means of seeing to it that the diet contains adequate amounts of this essential Mineral Trace Element, provided supplement dosage remains within the standard recommended daily intake levels.

World wide studies have linked Parkinson’s disease with the intake of Manganese. People who work with manganese often suffer from a variety of symptoms, known as manganism, which researchers have classified as a Parkinson’s syndrome. These symptoms include tremors, lethargy, impaired concentration, speech difficulties and awkward gait.

People who work in the welding industry are especially at risk, as they are often exposed to airborne Manganese. Parkinson’s disease is disproportionately common among boilermakers and welders.

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The Advantages Of Immunization

Posted by Oze Parrot on 8th March 2006

Immunization is the procedure of exposing a person to an agent that is designed to strengthen his immune system, against that agent. The substance is known as an immunogen. Immunization is different from inoculation or vaccination in that inoculation and vaccination use a viable infecting agent, which can make the person sick, while Immunization does not use a viable agent.

When the human body is exposed to a disease, the immune system can develop the ability to quickly respond to a subsequent infection. By exposing people to an immunogen in a controlled way, their bodies will then be able to protect themselves from possible infection, later on in life.

ImmunizationDuring the past two decades, the recommended Immunization schedule, in the United States and other parts of the world, has grown rapidly and become somewhat more complicated as many new vaccines have been developed and marketed. A vaccine is an antigenic preparation used to produce active immunity to a disease, in order to prevent or reduce the effects of infection by any natural or ‘wild’ pathogen.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the only vaccine that was administered to children was the smallpox vaccine. By the 1960s, the newly born routinely received five vaccines for protection against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, and smallpox. By the time these children have attained the age of two years, they will have received as many as eight vaccine shots, provided by the current Immunization program.

As of 2005, the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) now recommends vaccination against at least eleven diseases. By two years of age, children routinely receive as many as 20 vaccine injections, and might receive up to five shots during one visit to the doctor.

Many preparations are being evaluated for inclusion in the children’s recommended vaccination schedule. Some of these proposals combine up to five vaccinations into a single preparation, thus decreasing the number of necessary individual vaccination shots.

Other researchers are attempting to produce preparations that will prevent diseases which currently do not have available vaccines (such as human papilloma virus or HPV). In addition, attempts to shield pharmaceutical companies which manufacture vaccines, from liability are currently ongoing in the US and other parts of the world.

Senator Richard Burr (R-North Carolina) has introduced the most far reaching legislation, known as Biodefense and Pandemic Vaccine and Drug Development Act of 2005, that would further shield drug makers from vaccine injury liability, while streamlining vaccine approval processes to allow new vaccines to reach markets sooner, particularly in the event of a serious public health threat.

According to Dr. Thomas Saari, spokesperson for the American Academy of Pediatrics, “We project over the next ten years that we’ll add one to two new vaccines a year.” Dr. Andrew Wakefield has said, “The next few years are likely to see the introduction of ever greater numbers of vaccines and the possibility of using combination vaccines containing up to 16 different infectious diseases, is already being discussed in the US.”

Often, immunity conferred by vaccination is life-long. However, immunity to some illnesses, such as pertussis fades over time and aging naturally increases susceptibility to disease.

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